Methodology of social and environmental external costs estimation in the Ukraine’s energy sector
Karaieva Nataliia Veniaminivna PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Heat and Power Engineering Department,
National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” named by Igor Sikorsky, Ukraine Kramarev Gennadiy Vitaliyovych PhD in Economics, Head of the Board,
PJSC “Ukrainian Oil and Gas Institute, Ukraine
Paper objective is analysis of the external costs assessment model for the eco-social damage, and/or human capital losses caused by environmental pollution from the energy enterprises in Ukraine. Using the given method, necessary initial socio-economic parameters were defined and used for calculating the social costs of capital health losses in Ukraine due to deterioration of the environment, and due to the negative impact of energy sector on the air quality for the period 2002-2013. On the proposed technique determines the range value of social losses due to the negative impact of energy on air quality in Ukraine excluding future external costs for years 2002 – 2013 ranges from 1.6 – 4.5% of GDP, and the range of values of taking into account future costs is 2.0 – 6.2% of GDP.
environmental pollution, energy, external costs, assessment, human capital losses.
1. Koomey J., Florentin Krause F. (1997). Introduction to Environmental Externality Costs. Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. CA 94720, 1997. (n.d.). enduse.lbl.gov. Retrieved from http://enduse.lbl.gov/Info/Externalities.pdf.
2. Fisher Anthony C., and Michael H. Rothkopf. (1989). Market Failure and Energy Policy: A Rationale for Selective Conservation / Energy Policy. vol. 17 (4), pp. 397-406.
3. Fouquet R, Slade R, Karakoussis V, Gross R, Bauen A, Anderson D. (2001). External costs and environmental policy in the United Kingdom and the European Union. Occasional Paper 3. Centre for Energy Policy and Technology, Imperial College, London SW7 2PE, June 2001.
4. Seethaler R., Künzli N., Sommer H., et al. (2003). Economic Costs Of Air Pollution-Related Health Impacts, an Impact Assessment Project of Austria, France and Switzerland / Clean Air and Environmental Quality, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 35-43.
5. Butti G., Papaemmanouil A., Andersson G. (2008). External Costs of Power Production in South Eastern Europe. ETH Zurich, 2008. (n.d.). eeh.ee.ethz.ch. Retrieved from http://www.eeh.ee.ethz.ch/uploads/tx_ethpublications/papaemmanouil_wseas_korfu_oct_2008.pdf.
6. ExternE-Externalities of Energy: Methodology 2005 Update (2005). / Bickel, P. and Friedrich, R. eds. IER, Universitat Stuttgart: Institut fur Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung, European Communities.). (n.d.). ec.europa.eu. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/research/energy/pdf/kina_en.pdf.
7. Peter Rafaj and Socrates Kypreos (2007). Internalisation of external cost in the power generation sector: Analysis with Global Multi-regional MARKAL Model / Energy Policy, 2007, Vol. 35(2), pp. 828-843.
8. Studies of the Environmental Costs of Electricity (1994). Recommended Citation: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, OTA–ETI–134 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 1994). (n.d.). ota.fas.org. Retrieved from http://ota.fas.org/reports/9433.pdf.
9. Health and environmental impacts of electricity generation systems: procedures for comparative assessment (1999). Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1999 (Technical reports series, ISSN 0074–1914, no. 394). (n.d.). pub.iaea.org. Retrieved from http://www-pub.iaea.org/mtcd/publications/pdf/trs394_scr.pdf.
10. Matsuki Y., Brondzia О., Maslukivska O. (2010). External cost as an indicator for sustainable electricity generation system / System Research and Information Technologies, 2010, No. 4, pp. 18-32.
11. Matsuki, Y., Bidyuk, P., Kalnytskyi, G., Gavrish, E. (2012). Energy security cost as an externality – increased gas import price and economy of Ukraine / System Research and Information Technologies, 2012, No.4, pp. 7-16.
12. External Environmental Costs of Electric Power: Analysis and Internalization (1991) / Olav Hohmeyer, Richard L. Ottinger (Eds.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1991. (n.d.). books.google.com.ua. Retrieved from https://books.google.com.ua/books?id=_Xb1CAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=ru#v=onepage&q&f=false.
13. Hodas, David (2013). Law, the Laws of Nature and Ecosystem Energy Services: A Case of Wilful Blindness. Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2013; Widener Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-29. [online] (2014) Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2291694 [accessed 12 April 2014].
14. National Research Council, Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption (2010). Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. – Access mode : http://www.nap.edu/read/12794/chapter/1.
15. Office Of Technology Assessment (1994). Studies of the Environmental Costs of Electricity, Rep. OTA-ETI-134. Washington, DC: US Govt Printing Office. – Access mode : http://ota.fas.org/reports/9433.pdf.
16. Afanasyev A. A. (1998). The impact of energy on the environment: the external costs and decision-making problems. – M. : Nuclear Safety Institute, 1998. – 56p. (Preprint № IBRAE -98-14).
17. Revich B. А. (1998). Assessment of risk of mortality from Russia anthropogenic air pollution // Problems of Forecasting, 1998. – № 3. – Р. 147-161[in Russian].
18. Korchagin V. P. (1998). Economic evaluation of damage from casualty // Problems of Forecasting. –1998. – № 5. – Р. 109-120 [in Russian].
19. Shmakov D.I. (2004). Development of methodology for estimating the loss of health capital [scientific papers / Ch. Ed. AG Korovkin]: Institute of Economic Forecasting – MAKS Press, 2004. – 592 p[in Russian].
20. Karayeva N.V. Savitskaya A. A. (2006). Evaluation of health capital losses due to pollution of the environment / Proceedings of the 8th International scientific-practical. conf. “The economy, environment and society in Russia in the 21-st century.” – St. Petersburg.: Polytechnic University, 2006. – Р. 393-397 [in Russian].
21. Karayeva N. V., Levchenko L. O. (2014). Metodologiya ekonomichnoyi ocinky` socialnyx vtrat vnaslidok ekodestruktyvnoyi diyalnosti pidpryyemstv energetyky` // Upravlinnya rozvytkom skladnyx system. – 2014. – Vyp. 19. – Р. 56-59. [in Ukranian].